Research

The Human Trafficking Research Lab @Millikin has a number of completed and ongoing research projects.

Our current research project at HTRL@Millikin tracks all criminal cases on human trafficking in Illinois at all court levels. We are focusing on news media accounts and case records of human trafficking and attempting to analyze the different human trafficking dynamics in our state. We are coding each case and potential case focusing on how the traffickers were identified, their arrest record, types of charges, trafficking type and route, bail, race/ethnicity/gender of the trafficker and victim, and sentencing data. Examining the adjudication of trafficking cases beyond the federal level will allow us to chart trends in Illinois on human trafficking which can help identify cases in the future. It can also provide valuable tools for precedence on the state level with local prosecutors. The compilation of this data began in Spring 2019 and will be presented at the Law and Courts section of the Midwest Political Science Conference in April 2022 with the aim of publishing it in the future.

The first project from the HTRL@Millikin began in 2018 and focuses on the development and collaborations of anti-trafficking institutions established to combat human trafficking around the United States (US) and can be read here. We formulated a unique database mapping almost 200 human trafficking taskforces, coalitions, working groups and/or commissions throughout all 50 states and Puerto Rico at different levels of governance from state, to region, county, and city. Our research question seeks to determine the origin, scope, and variation of this anti-trafficking institution in the United States. We created a typology of human trafficking taskforces to show this variation, the overlapping distribution of government grants, and the impetus for the taskforces. We found shifting typologies as some taskforces were created under one auspice and then transformed to another. We also found that many taskforces conveyed a criminal justice approach and did not purport a victim centered ideology to combating and raising awareness about human trafficking. This research was presented at an academic conference in Spring 2019, accepted and published in in the Journal of Modern Slavery volume 7 issue 1 in 2022.


The Community Assessment for the Central Illinois Human Trafficking Task Force was completed in September 2021 and is available to read here. The Human Trafficking Research Lab (HTRL) at Millikin University was tasked with conducting a Community Assessment of the Central Illinois Human Trafficking Task Force (CIHTTF) in accordance with the guidelines of the Enhanced Collaborative Model Task Force to Combat Human Trafficking grant from the Office for Victims of Crime, Office of Justice Programs at the U.S. Department of Justice. The goal for the assessment was to perform a pre-test examining the performance of the task force and areas for improvements at the beginning of the grant period. In this assessment, we focused on the local needs emphasizing the gaps between what services exist in Central Illinois and goals for what should exist, identifying areas within the community where vulnerabilities for trafficking exploitation may be occurring. We also outlined overall goals for the task force grant period based on survey data from task force members. Through qualitative data with surveys and quantitative data with statistical analyses, we investigate the immediacy of the problem, interests of the agencies involved, and different initiatives on the ground to identify performance measures for the task force.


Dr. Dean was inspired to write an article about her experience working with students in the Human Trafficking Research Lab for the latest issue of Anti-trafficking Review on Anti-Trafficking Education and the article entitled "Pedagogical Approaches to Human Trafficking Through Applied Research Laboratories" was published in September 2021 and can be read here. In the article she argues that human trafficking is a phenomenon that lends itself to hands-on pedagogical practices and undergraduate research that, in turn, can create localised knowledge with anti-trafficking stakeholders. Research labs focused on human trafficking are one-on-one or small group applied research settings that build a bridge between the university and anti-trafficking stakeholders over multiple semesters. In this paper, she argues that one way of involving students in the anti-trafficking field is through research laboratories, like the Human Trafficking Research Lab (HTRL) at Millikin University. She explores how the HTRL develops pedagogical practices to enable students to work collaboratively with a faculty member and carry out the research process from idea to final draft. Multiple learning outcomes were found, including mentorship, a larger understanding of political science as a discipline, data compilation, presentation and critical thinking skills, and job or graduate school placement. She determined that the HTRL at Millikin offers students hands-on experience with community-engaged projects, including grappling with the ethical implications of knowledge production in social justice advocacy.



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